Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta)

Water Pipit Bird Inhabit

The water pipit inhabits barren rocky locations with screes in high mountains above the tree line. It prefers large spaces with a great many scattered boulders and clumps of grass. Its range includes southern and southeastern Europe, as well as parts of central Europe (the Alps and Carpathians), England and the coast of Scandinavia. Northern populations migrate south to central Europe in winter, where the species is faithful to its breeding grounds, though some inhabitants of central Europe travel farther south as proved by ringed birds.

Water-Pipit-Bird-Fact-and-Information

Bird information and Facts

Length: 16 cm. The male and female have like plumage.
Voice: Courting note that sounds like ‘tseep-eep’.
Song: In-flight, comprises notes, resembling ‘tsip’ and ‘jeep’.
Size of Egg: 18.9—24.0 X 14.0—16.5 mm.

Water Pipit Bird Nesting

Water pipits nesting in high mountains descend to lower altitudes during the winter, forming small groups that roam the countryside in the vicinity of water or marshes. In April they return to their breeding territories and, in May or June, build their nests among clumps of grass, under an overhanging bush or stone. The construction is of fine plant stalks, lichen and moss which is lined with fine hairs. The walls of the nest are unusually thick — as much as 5 centimetres.

Breeding

The female water pipit bird lays 4 to 6 eggs, which she incubates herself for 14 to 16 days. The young, which leave the nest at the age of two weeks, are fed by both parents with insects and their larvae, as well as spiders and wormse.

After fledging, the whole family roams the countryside, often keeping close to human habitations. The water pipit is an active bird that continually runs about on the ground, flits here and there, hops up on a  rock, looks about and then resumes its search for food.

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