Ural Owl Bird Information & Facts

The Ural Owl is more plentiful in areas where there is an abundance of rodents, for fieldmice and mice are the mainstay of its diet.


Length: Circa 60 cm.
Wingspan: 105 to 116 cm. The male and female have like
Voice: Resembling that of the tawny owl but pitched higher and with a hollower sound, also a deep ‘wow-wow-wow’ or ‘kawveck’.
Size of Egg: 47.1—54.7 X 39.0—44.0 mm. The eggs are pure white.

Ural Owl Bird Habitat

The large Ural owl inhabits the deep forests of eastern Scandinavia, northeastern and central Europe, at both lowland and mountain elevations. In the north, it feeds mainly on lemmings, but will capture also smaller birds or insects. When there are few rodents in an area the owl population will fall for some years, the majority leaving for regions where food is more plentiful.  Apart from this kind of movement, the Ural owl is a resident species.


The nest is located in tree cavities, although it will also take over large nests abandoned by raptors. The nest is located at least 4 metres above the ground, but generally at a height of 10 to 20 metres. When there is an insufficient food supply in the given territory, a pair of owls will often not nest at all.

Ural Owl Breeding

As a rule the hen lays 3 to 4 eggs in April, incubating them herself for 27 to 29 days while the male Ural Owl brings her food. He also supplies the food for the young, but they are fed only by the hen. They leave the nest for the first time at the age of 34 days, but often return to it for the night.


The Ural owl is a courageous bird that will chase large raptors, and is also known to have attacked humans that have approached too close to its nest. During the winter months, when food in the woods is scarce, it moves from the shelter of the forest to the vicinity of human habitations where it occasionally takes domestic fowl.

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