Stock Dove Bird Habitat

Deciduous and mixed woods, occasionally thin conifer forests and old parks, are places where the stock dove makes its home. This bird, widespread throughout Europe except for the most northern areas, is resident in the west and south. Inhabit- ants of other regions migrate to southwestern Europe and the Mediterranean in September — October. They return to their breeding grounds as early as the end of February, seeking out locations with old trees which provide cavities for nesting.

Stock Dove Bird Information and Facts


Length: 33 cm. The male and female have like plumage.
Weight: Circa 280 grams.
Voice: A cooing note that sounds like ‘ooo-roo-oo’.
Size of Egg: 33.0—43.0 X 26.0—31.0 mm.

Breeding and Nesting

Stock Dove sometimes take over an abandoned black woodpecker’s hole, will lay their eggs in a manmade nesting box, and are known also to nest in holes in sandbanks. The nest is generally located at least 10 metres above the ground. The stock dove has disappeared from many forests where it was once plentiful because of the lack of suitable nesting cavities.


The hollow is lined with dry sticks and small twigs, but some females will lay their clutch of two eggs without bothering to line the cavity. Incubation, shared by both partners, occupies a period of 16 to 17 days, and both feed the young ‘pigeon’s milk’ regurgitated from the crop.

At the age of three weeks the young stock dove leaves the nest, but continue to be fed half-digested seeds and grain by the parents for a short while longer. When their offspring are fully mature, the adult birds often have a second brood. The diet of the mature birds consists mostly of various seeds, but includes small fruits, berries and green plant parts.

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