Goshawk Bird Habit
The goshawk bird makes its home in woods near fields and meadows, in both lowland or mountainous country. It is distributed throughout Europe, but does not nest in England (except very occasionally), Ireland and Iceland. It is a resident bird, remaining in its breeding grounds the year-round or roaming the adjacent countryside; inhabitants of northern and eastern Europe, however, often fly to central Europe in winter.
Goshawk Bird Information & Fact
Length: 48 to 58 cm. The female is larger.
Wingspan: Male: 100 to 105 cm, female: 130 to 140 cm. The young lack the transverse barred markings.
Voice: A lengthy ‘gig-gig-gig’, the young utter a piping ‘kee’.
Size of Egg: 51.0—65.0 X 40.6—51.0 mm.
How they build their nest?
The large nest, of sticks and twigs, is built high in the top of a pine or spruce tree from April to May, but the bird’s courtship flights may be observed as early as March.
Goshawk Bird Breeding
The female goshawk bird lays 3 to 4 eggs which she incubates 35 to 38 days, mostly by herself, being relieved only occasionally by the male. She stays with the nestlings for the first ten days, during which time the male supplies food, which the hen divides before passing it to the young, eating the remnants herself. The male is unable to feed the nestlings, and should the hen die during this period they meet the same fate. Later, the hen joins her partner in foraging for food.
The young goshawk birds leave the nest after 41 to 43 days and, when fully independent, scatter throughout the countryside, usually settling within 100 kilometres of the home nest. Occasionally young birds from northern Europe have been known to fly as far as 1500 kilometres from where they were born. The goshawk preys mostly on birds, some as large as the heron and, mainly during the winter months, will capture owls such as the Jong-eared owl and barn owl.
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