Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) Bird Information & Facts

This large bird of prey, common buzzard, is one of the most common raptors of Europe, where it is absent only in the northernmost regions.

Common Buzzards Birds Information and Facts

Length: 53 cm.
Wingspan: 117 to 137 cm. There is a marked variation in the coloring.
Voice: A long, plaintive ‘pee-oo’.
Size of Egg: 49.8—63.8 X 39.1—49.0 mm.

Common Buzzard Birds Habitat

At the end of February, the common buzzard may be seen circling above a wood, suddenly plummet-
ing to the ground and the next instant soaring up again.  It frequents forests of all kinds, from lowland to mountain elevations, preferring locations where woods alternate with fields and meadows. It usually remains in its nesting territory throughout the year, which measures from 3 to 4 kilometers in diameter, or roams the countryside far and wide after fledging. Many inhabitants of northern Europe migrate southwest in winter.

Common Buzzard Bird Nest Building

In April the buzzard builds its nest high in the treetops, though in England it will also build on cliffs. The structure is made of twigs and lined with leaves, moss, and hair; the edge is often decorated with leaves or seaweed and broken twigs may be added to it during the incubation period.


Both partners share the duties of sitting on the 2 to 4 eggs for 28 to 49 days, though the female bears the brunt of the task. The nestlings are fed at first by the female, who takes the prey from the male, but later he also feeds them. The young leave the nest after 41 to 49 days, but continue to be fed a further four weeks by the parent birds.

The mainstay of the diet are fieldmice and other small rodents. It is interesting to note that a common buzzard will often wait on the ground outside the hole of a fieldmouse, sometimes without moving for hours, until it succeeds in outwitting its wary prey.

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